The Planet Venus is the second planet in the solar system, in between Mercury and Venus. The size and structure of the planet are similar to the Earth. However, the planet possesses a lethal atmosphere. The planet records the highest temperature in the solar system, due to the high level of greenhouse gases in its atmosphere. Apart from this, the pressure on the planet’s surface would crush a person.
- Orbit: 225 Earth days
- Diameter: 7,521 miles (12, 104 km)
- Day: 241 Earth days
The planet Venus is named after the Roman goddess of beauty and love. It is the only planet named after a female deity. This may be due to the fact that shines the brightest among the planets known to the ancient astronomers.
In ancient times, Venus was thought as two different stars, namely the morning and the evening star. As a result of being the brightest object in the sky after the sun and the moon, Venus has given rise to many UFO reports.
The surface of the planet Venus is extremely dry. Ultraviolet rays from the sun evaporated the water on the planet during its evolution. Presently as a result of its atmosphere, there is no liquid water present on the planet. Round two-thirds of the surface of the planet are covered by plains married with volcanoes hat are still active. Lava flow carves canals that are more than 3,000 miles in length, making them the longest among the other known planets.
One-third of the Venus landscape is covered by six mountainous regions. One of the mountain ranges is called Maxwell and is 540 miles long and 7 miles high. Apart from this, the planet also has surface features that are completely different from Earth. The planet has coronae (crowns) ranging from 95 miles to 360 miles. Scientists theorise that hot material underneath the crust rises up and warp the land surface. It also has tiles (tesserae) that have valleys and ridges in different directions.
Venus and Earth are considered to be twin planets as a result of their similarities in size, composition, mass, gravity and density. Another similarity is the magnetic field generate by the planet. As a result of its slow rotation speed, the metal core of the planet can generate a magnetic field.
Venus rotates in the opposite direction when compared to most other planets. The result is that on Venus, the sun sets in the east and rises in the west.