Saturn from the sun is the sixth planet and is renowned for its rings. Initially, Galileo thought it had three parts, unknowing the fact that the planet Saturn was a planet with rings. After 40 years, it came to light that the rings were made of rock and ice. This is a gaseous plant comprising of helium and hydrogen.
- Orbit:5 Earth years
- Diameter:74,900 miles (120,500 km)
- Day:About 10.5 Earth hours
The Planet Saturn in the solar system is the second largest planet. Saturn acquired the Roman name for Cronus, as in Greek mythology as the lord of the Titans. Saturn is an English root word “Saturday.”
From Earth, Saturn is the farthest planet and is visible to the naked eye, but only through a telescope, the rings of this plant can be seen. Jupiter, Neptune and Uranus also have rings, but of course, the Saturn rings are most extraordinary.
Saturn is a gas giant comprising of hydrogen and helium. It is immense to hold over 760 Earth’s and is massive than other planet but for Jupiter, approximately 95 times the mass of the Earth. Conversely, Saturn has the least density of other planets and is less dense than water.
The atmosphere of Saturn has gold and yellow bands and is the result due to upper atmosphere super-fast winds that reach around its equator up to 1100 mph (1800km/h) in combination with heat from the interior of the planet.
Saturn completes one rotation in every 10-and-a-half hours. This spinning causes the bulge to Saturn at its equator and at its poles it appears flat. The planet is wider by 8,000 miles (13,000 kilometres) at its equator than the poles. Saturn has northern and southern lights and this is due to sun particles.
The atmospheric composition comprises of molecular hydrogen of 96.3 %, helium of 3.25% and small amounts of ethane, ammonia, methane, water ice aerosols, hydrogen deuteride, ammonia ice aerosols and ammonia hydrosulfide aerosols.
The magnetic field of the planet Saturn is nearly 578 times powerful than the Earth’s. Saturn has a robust rocky and iron material enveloped in the outer core and this is composed of methane, ammonia and water. The next layer features liquid metallic hydrogen in a compressed state with viscous hydrogen and helium. The helium and hydrogen become gaseous near the surface of the planet and merges with the atmosphere.
Saturn has nearly 62 moons and most moons are named after Titans, their descendants, Gallic, Inuit and Norse myths. These moons exhibit bizarre features. Though it is identified to have many moons, this system has more small moons being created and destroyed constantly.