Jupiter is the planet in the fifth position from the sun. This is the massive and huge planet in the solar system. It is filled with hydrogen and helium. It has a different trace of gases. The planet Jupiter has dozens of moons that it appears to be a miniature solar system and it has a strong magnetic field. There is a great red spot in Jupiter.
- Orbit:9 Earth years
- Diameter: 86,881 miles (139,822 km)
- Day:8 earth hours
The Planet Jupiter is the largest planet, named in Roman mythology after the king of the gods. Jupiter helped in revolutionising as Galileo discovered four large moons of Jupiter’s, the Io, Ganymede, Europa, and Callisto, representing as Galilean moons. These celestial bodies were circling Jupiter and not the earth.
Jupiter is 80 times massive. The atmosphere is identical as the sun comprising of helium and hydrogen, besides it has four large moons and also smaller moons around it in the orbit that Jupiter maintains an individual miniature solar system. The volume can hold nearly 1300 Earth’s.
The planet Jupiter bands are colourful arranged in light zones and dark belts travelling 400 mph. There are white clouds made of frozen ammonia crystals and the darker clouds include chemicals appearing in the belts. Blue clouds are visible at deepest levels, while the cloud stripes keep changing.
The Great Red Spot
The great spot in Red colour is the extraordinary feature; a hurricane-like giant storm seen for over 300 years. This red spot is the widest and thrice the earth’s diameter, while its edge spins around the centre counterclockwise at 225mph (360kph) speed. The storm colour varies from red to brown due to the ammonia crystals featuring phosphorous and sulphur in the Jupiter’s clouds. However, the spot shrinks and grows each time, while sometimes it appears to completely fade.
The magnetic field of Jupiter is the strongest having 20,000 times of Earth’s strength. It traps in its intense electrons belt the electrically charged particles, while the other electrically charged particles keep blasting the rings and moons of the planet with a radiation level over 1000 times. Jupiter’s magnetosphere comprises of particles and fields’ swelling out nearly 600,000 to 2 million miles towards the Sun and its tail extends to 600 million miles behind the Jupiter.
Jupiter spins faster on its axis taking under 10 hours to complete a turn in comparison to the Earth taking 24 hours. This rapid spin makes Jupiter flatten at the poles and bulge at the equator. Radio waves of Jupiter are strong to detect on earth when the Jupiter’s large moon, lo, passes the magnetic field of Jupiter in certain regions.