An Overview of Planet Mars
There are many planets in our solar system besides many in the whole universe. When it comes to Mars, it belongs to the fourth place according to its position from the Sun though it is the second-smallest planet in our Solar System after Mercury which tends to be the smallest of them all. It was named after the Roman God of war and it is also referred to as the red planet too.
Mars has different rotational periods as well as seasonal cycles which are a bit similar to the planet Earth. Hence, it also has seasons due to its tilts just like the planet Earth and it is also called the site of the Olympus Mons which is the largest volcano ever and also the second highest mountain of our Solar System as well. Mars has two moons namely, Phobos and Deimos, each of which has a very irregular shape.
When it comes to the dimensions, it has an orbital period of 1.8808 Julian years while it has a mass of 6.4171 x10^23 kilogrammes. It also has a volume of 1.6318 x 10^11 cubic kilometres while it also has a pressure of 0.636 kiloPascals.
Talking about the atmosphere of this planet, it has a lot of iron oxide on its surface which is why it is red in colour while it also has a very thin atmosphere too. It is a terrestrial planet that has features made by Moon craters as well as features impacting valleys, deserts and even polar ice caps just like the planet Earth.
About 40% of Mars is covered by the smooth Borealis basin in its north side. It has also been estimated that it has had water presence on its surface because dark to light patches has been seen in the polar parts of the planet that well represent seas as well as continents too. However, these were later confirmed as optical illusions while it is still known to have a lot of water on it in its earlier stages.
Some Interesting Facts About Mars
While there are many others, a few interesting facts are given below:
- Surface temperatures range from -153 degrees to 20 degrees centigrade
- When it comes to the gravity, it is 37% less than that on the planet Earth
- It has almost the same land mass as Earth
- It has the tallest mountain of the Solar System which is 21km high and 600 Kilometres in diameter
- There have been only 18 successful missions to this red planet
- Mars has the largest dust storms in the whole solar system
- When you look at the Sun standing on Mars, it will appear half the size that you see on the planet Earth
- There have been pieces of Mars that have actually fallen on Earth
Hence, it appears that this planet seems to be more than interesting than any planets combined!