An Overview of Planet Jupiter
Jupiter is the fifth planet of our Solar system when it comes to its distance from the Sun while it is also the largest planet in our Solar System too. Jupiter is also known as a gas giant just like Saturn while Uranus and Neptune are among ice giants. The Roman God of Jupiter is what this planet is actually named after. It also has a magnitude of -2.94 which is bright enough to be reflected as light to be cast for shadows.
The specifications include its mass being one thousandth to that of the Sun and it is also two and a half times larger than all of the other planets in the whole Solar System together. It is the brightest object when it comes to the night sky ratings after Moon and Venus. Jupiter has at least 67 moons while four of them are the largest ever discovered by Galileo in 1610. It also has a moon named Europa which is covered with ice-covered liquid oceans overall.
Jupiter has a volume of 1.4313 x 10^15 cubic kilometres and a mass of 1.8986 x 10^27 kilogrammes. It also has a surface gravity of 24.79 meters per second.
When it comes to its atmosphere, the planet is full of different combinations of gases like ammonia, ammonium hydrosulfide, ethane, helium, methane, hydrogen deuteride etc. The atmospheric surface pressure ranges between 20 to 200 kiloPascals while the surface temperature is 108 degrees centigrade at 1 bar level. In actual reality, it has a magnetosphere and a surrounding planetary ring system too.
It has had great storms and the outer atmosphere is divided into separate bands of various latitudes as well. Though the shape of Jupiter is like a spheroid but it does not have a well-defined solid surface.
Some Interesting Facts:
While there are lots of other interesting facts about this planet, the most relevant and striking ones are given below:
- The first to sight Jupiter were the Babylonians
- It has the shortest day of all planets because it turns on its axis every 9 hours and 55 minutes of the planet Earth
- The rotation of this planet is such that it flattens its surface and gives it a different shape slowly and gradually
- It orbits the Sun after every 11.85 years of the planet Earth
- Jupiter has shown many different cloud features too
- The great red spot that was found is actually the proof of a very big storm that the planet experienced years ago while it raged for 350 years of the Earth. The spot that was formed is so gigantic that one could fit three lots of planet Earth into it
- The planet is actually made up of gases and different hydrogen compounds only
- Ganymede is the largest moon in the Solar System and belongs to Jupiter
Hence, know that you are aware of the most necessary information about Jupiter, make sure you amaze the people around you with this knowledge.